With a distinct aroma and irresistible flavor, it has commanded the attention of the world. The coffee trade is immense, second only to that of oil in its value. The history of coffee is filled with stories of those who sought to control that trade, who exacted high tariffs on coffee roasters and those who found ways to circumvent those controls.

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

European history of coffee

The first reports of coffee reached Europe through a 1582 account of his travels by Leonhart Rauwolf, a doctor and botanist from Augsburg, in which he referred to coffee as being ‘as black as ink’. However, Alpinus (Prospero Alpini), in 1591 was the first who scientifically described it.

The Dutch were the first to introduce the plant into Europe.

In 1650, the first coffeehouse opened its doors in Oxford, England, its proprietor a Turkish Jew named Jacob. Coffee houses multiply and become such popular forums for learned and not so learned.

In the early 1640s, the first European coffeehouse opened for business in Venice, Italy.

In France, the first coffeehouse opened in 1671. It was set-up in Paris by an Armenian name Pascal, but meeting with little encouragement he removed to London. He was succeeded by other Armenian and Persians.

By 1843, there were thousands of coffeehouses throughout Europe and the American colonies.

Brazilian coffee industry gets started in 1727 from seedlings smuggled out from Paris.

From the mid-seventeenth century through the mid-eighteenth, home consumption of coffee in Europe was most common among the wealthier classes.

They could more easily afford the high price of coffee, which dropped only during the course of the eighteenth century.
European history of coffee
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